The new constitution had created the Directoire (Directory), which was the first government of France to be bicameral (split into two houses). The lower house, the parliament , had 500 members. It was called the Conseil de Cinq-Cent (Council of Five Hundred). The upper house, the senate , had 250 members and was called the Conseil des Anciens (Council of Elders). There were five directors chosen every year by the Conseil des Anciens from a list made up by the Conseil de Cinq-Cent . This group was in charge and was called the Directory.