Answer in UGC Answer Key – (1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
Answer according to me – (2) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
The assertion statement in the question is a universal truth statement. “Learning is a life long process” is self explanatory that learning happens throughout life, assertion talks about a spontaneously happening naturally stimulated phenomenon. The assertion statement does not shed any light on the utility of learning, as the rule of nature is that learning happens automatically & involuntarily irrespective of it’s result being useful or not useful to learner in any way.
The reason statement “Learning to be useful must be linked with life processes” is also true, but this reason statement is not directly explaining the assertion because this reason statement talks about adding a planned systematic intervention of linking life processes to make learning more useful. This planned intervention of linking life processes with learning makes learning as an sort of semi-artificial stimulated phenomenon which is opposite to natural occurrence of learning in life. Secondly, in the assertion statement, nothing is mentioned about learning’s usefulness, whereas the reason statement talks about usefulness of learning.