Nevertheless, another set of recent studies could be seen as calling into question whether some of the above studies really demonstrate the perceptual reality of synesthesia. Meier and Rothen (2009) have shown that non-synesthetes trained over several weeks to associate specific numbers and colors behave similarly to synesthetes on synesthetic Stroop studies. The colors that the non-synesthetes were taught to associate with certain graphemes interfered with their ability to identify target graphemes. Moreover, Kadosh et al. (2009) have shown that highly suggestible non-synesthetes report abnormal cross-modal experiences similar to congenital synesthetes and behave similarly to Smilek’s synesthete C on target identification after receiving post-hypnotic suggestions aimed to trigger grapheme-color pairings. Some researchers conclude from these studies that genuine synesthetic experiences can be induced through training or hypnosis. But it isn’t clear that the evidence warrants this conclusion as the results are consistent with the presence of merely strong non-perceptual associations. In the cases of post-hypnotic suggestion, participants may simply be behaving as if they experienced genuine synesthesia. An alternative conclusion to draw from these studies might be that Stroop and the identification studies conducted with C do not demonstrate the perceptual reality of synesthesia. Nonetheless, it has not been established that training and hypnotism can replicate all the effects, such as the longevity of associations in “natural” synesthetes, and few doubt that synesthetes experience genuine color photisms in the presence of inducing stimuli.
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This is really inspiring. I feel the exact same way and share the same feelings about it as Hamilton. My friends always make fun of me or at least did because I never listened to music I just didn’t like it, but my best friend introduced me to Hamilton and now I listen to it literally every day, have learned all the words, and it’s my favorite thing to listen to. So Lin has honestly made the first music that I actually enjoy listening to. I really don’t think Lin would ever see this, but if he does and if any of you can make it possible for him to see this, I just wanted to say thank you Lin for making music, the only music, that I actually enjoy, that I love, and listen to everyday of my life with a passion. You have truly changed my life with your talent. Thank you.